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Renaissance V.S Middle Ages Art!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Renaissance VS Medieval Art:

 

I. For the Medieval painting:
1. Post a picture of the Medieval painting.

DUCCIO1S

2. Who painted this painting?

Duccio di Buoninsegna. He was an Italian medieval artist. He was born in 1255 and he died in 1319.

3. Where was the artist from?

Duccio di Buonisegna was from Sienna, in Tuscany in Italy.

This is a map of Sienna.

This is the only place that he worked and lived.

4. What did the artist use to paint this painting?

To paint this painting, Duccio used egg tempera and a wooden panel. Painters at this time normally used egg tempera because it was easy to make. Egg tempera is an egg-based paint that you make using an eggs yolk, water and a dry, ground pigment. He normally painted about different religious matters as we can see above.

5. What is this painting about?

This is a painting of the Madonna with the infant of Jesus. It is a religious painting, as most paintings were back then. Most paintings were religious back then because the people believed that their lives were like a door to heaven, so they believed that they had to live their lives in the name of God.

6. Please describe what you see in the painting (are there figures in the painting? What do they look like? What are the colours like? What is the background like?)

We can see, in the painting above, there is very little perspective and or proportions. If we look at the baby for example, the baby looks quite like an old man. The babies’ head is out of proportion in relation to its body. Look at the babies’ body. It is very long and thin, but then look at the babies head and one can see how small its head it.

If we now look at the colours in the painting we can see that the artist has used a blue for the Madonna’s shawl. The blue colour would have been made out of lupus lazuli. This is a rock that is found mainly in Afghanistan. This rock would have been extremely expensive because of the transportation it would have taken to get the rock to Italy at the time. One can see the different values in this painting. There are some very dark shadows and some very sharp and bright light colours.

In this painting there are two figures. They are the Madonna and the infant of Jesus. This is a religious painting like most others at the time.

II. For the Renaissance painting:
7. Post a picture of the Renaissance painting.

ANON1

8. Who painted this painting?

Raphael Sanzio, a famous Italian renaissance painter, painted this painting. Raphael was born in 1483 and died in 1520. He painted many works in his life time and he died at the young age of 37.
9. Where was the artist from?

Raphael was born in Urbino, Italy.

This is a map of urbino, Italy today:

Screen Shot 2014-06-11 at 6.13.00 PM

He was born in Urbino, but he lived there and in Rome.

10. What did the artist use to paint this painting?

Raphael used oil paints on a canvas to paint this painting. Oil paints are paints with an oil base and a canvas is a piece of stretched fabric over a wooden frame.

11. What is this painting about?

This painting is of the Madonna holding the infant of Jesus again. It is also a religious painting. There are two figures in the painting, and in comparison to the painting from the middle ages, which we saw before; this painting is a lot better.

12. Please describe what you see in the painting (are there figures in the painting? What do they look like? What are the colours like? What is the background like?)

There are two figures in the painting; the lady is the Madonna and the baby is Jesus as an infant. In comparison to the picture from the middle ages, we can see that this painting has a lot more perspective and it looks a lot more real than the other painting did. This is due to value and different painting techniques that the renaissance painters developed. The value scale, is a scale going from the white to black:

Fig_64

This is an example of a value scale. The painters in the renaissance used different shades of value a lot more because it made different parts of their paintings stand out an it gave the painting a look of 3D.

The different colours in this painting are very bright. We can see the red that the             Madonna is wearing portrays love for the baby Jesus.

In the background we can see the skyline and different houses and trees. This shows perspective. Perspective is when an artist can make something look like it is far away from you in a painting. This is a technique that was developed in the renaissance period.

III. Compare and contrast both paintings:

13. How are these paintings similar?

These two paintings are similar because they are both about the same subjects. We can see the Madonna with the baby Jesus in her arms. We can see the colours are similar also because the Madonna has a blue cloak in renaissance painting and in the painting from the middle ages.

14. How are these paintings different?

These paintings are painted in two very different ways. If we look at the painting from the renaissance period of time, we can see that it is painted in a completely different style to the middle ages painting because in the renaissance painting we can see that there is a lot more perspective. We can see in the background there are green hills that look like they are far away from us, and we can see in the painting from the middle ages, it looks like the Madonna is flat.

Value gives a look of roundness in a painting and we can see here that in comparison to the Renaissance painting, the middle ages painting uses a lot less value. We can also look at the different proportions. Look at the baby in Duccio’s painting and then look at the baby in Raphael’s painting:

DUCCIO1SANON1

We can see that the body of the baby in Raphael’s painting proportionately fits the babies’ body. In Duccio’s painting we can see that the babies head is a lot smaller than it should be. This makes the baby in Duccio’s painting look older or unreal.

15. How does the use of value affect the difference or similarity between these two paintings?

Value is an art element. It is when you use all of the shades from white to black in a painting.

Fig_64

This is a value scale.

Without value a painting looks like it is flat. Value was not used nearly as much in the middle ages as it was in the renaissance. We can see the value used in the renaissance painting quite well because if we look at the baby, we can see the different folds of skin and the really detailed shadows.

If we look at the baby in Duccio’s painting, we can see fewer shadows and different proportions.

16. How do the artists’ understanding of proportion and anatomy affect the difference or similarity between these two paintings?

One can see that the babies from each of the different paintings are very different. If we look at the proportions of the baby in Duccio’s painting, we can see that the babies’ head is very small in relation to its body, and if we then look at the proportions of the baby in Raphael’s painting, we can see that the babies’ head is the correct size in relation to its body.

Painters at the time of the renaissance, went to grave yards and dug up bodies to cut them up and see what they were like inside. They wanted to see the proportions of the body.

IV. On Renaissance art in general:

17. What do you think, based on what you know about the Renaissance and the ideals of the time, were Renaissance artists trying to accomplish in their artwork?

I think, based on what I know about the renaissance, that renaissance artists were trying to portray a range of different things in their paintings, but I think that most of all they were portraying religion. I think they painted about religion because they felt it was an important topic, and they felt that if they painted about it, they were more likely to get into heaven.

18. What did Renaissance artists do or learn in order to accomplish their goals?

Renaissance artists had to become an apprentice before they could become an artist. An apprentice was where you stayed with a famous artist, and they showed you different techniques, different ways of painting. After you had completed you apprenticeship, you had to get into a Gaul, this was a group of artists and you had to create a piece of artwork for them and they would accept you into the Gaul or reject you. Until you got into a Gaul, you weren’t considered a full artist.

Once they were complete artists, and they began painting, they would acquire patrons who were like sponsors. The patrons would get the painter jobs painting their family, or churches etc.

19. How did the use of value and the understanding of proportion and anatomy in the Renaissance change art?

Value, proportion and anatomy changed art in the renaissance, because these three elements make paintings/drawings look a lot more real. In comparison to art from the middle ages, renaissance art had a lot more value and proportion in them. This was due to the renaissance artists examining dead bodies and seeing how the body works. I think that value made everything look realistic and more round, this is an element they didn’t use in the middle ages.

20. How have you personally developed your understanding of valueproportion, and anatomy lately?

I have improved my understanding of value, proportion and anatomy lately by completing a series of assignments, for my patron “Madame Zaza”!

For example, I have drawn an exotic fish using value and this made my fish come to life! I feel that I now know to measure different parts of my drawings/paintings to make sure they are similar and proportionate in relation to each other.

I also think that watching different videos in class about Leonardo da Vinci and the drawings on the board of the human face have also helped me quit a bit when looking and proportion and anatomy.

21. How have you improved as an artist?

I have improved as an artist because I now actually know what value is. Before my patron “Madame Zaza” stepped in, I didn’t know what value was. I think that now that I know what value is, I am a much better artist because now my paintings look much more real than they did before and they look more three dimensional.

Before “Madame Zaza” stepped in I hadn’t though to measure things with my pencil, to make sure different element in my drawings/paintings were proportionally correct in relation to each other.

Over all I think I have improved drastically as an artist and I hope to keep doing so with the help of my patron.

Works Cited:

“AAM—The Renaissance Connection: Lesson Plans: Tempera versus Oil Paint.”AAM—The Renaissance Connection: Lesson Plans: Tempera versus Oil Paint. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2014. <http://www.renaissanceconnection.org/lesson_art_oil.html>.

Bondone, Giotto, Di. Madonna and Child. Digital image. Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 9 June 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giotto>.

Nevit. Value Scales Pencil. Digital image. Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 2007. Web. 12 June 2014. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Value_Scales_Pencil_10183.jpg>.

“Google Maps.” Google Maps. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 June 2014. <https://www.google.com/maps/preview>.

“Raphael – Oil Painting Reproductions – Page 1505.” Raphael – Oil Painting Reproductions – Page 1505. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 June 2014. <http://www.1st-art-gallery.com/Raphael/Madonna-%2526-Child-%28the-Small-Cowper-Madonna%29-1505.html>.

Hooker, Richard. “The Visual Arts of the Italian Renaissance.” The Visual Arts of the Italian Renaissance. Richard Hooker, n.d. Web. 12 June 2014. <http://richard-hooker.com/sites/worldcultures/REN/VISUAL.HTM>.

“Raphael.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 06 Nov. 2014. Web. 11 June 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raphael>.

“Renaissance Art.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 06 June 2014. Web. 11 June 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Renaissance_art>.

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