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Lines of Longitude and Latitude!

Lines of Longitude and Latitude!

1. How do lines of Latitude help to determine climate? Are high latitudes or low latitudes typically warmer weather? Why is this so?

Lines of latitude help determine climate because, the amount of degrees that you are away from the equator tells us how far north or south of the world you are and how much direct sunlight you would get in relation to the sun. It determines this, because the equator is the hottest part of the earth and even though the world is on a slant, the center of the world stays consistently close to the sun. Therefore the equator, this is the hottest part of the earth and the further you are from the equator the less/more sunlight you get (depending on the time of the year).

2. What is altitude? 

Altitude is the amount of feet that a country is above sea level. Normally for every 1000’ that one goes up there is a 3 Degrees Fahrenheit drop in temperature. Therefore the altitude can alter a places climate a lot.

3. How does altitude affect the climate?

Altitude affects the climate by changing a country’s climate depending on how many feet a country is above sea level. For every 1000’ a country/place is above sea level the temperature drops by 3 Degrees Fahrenheit. Therefore a country’s/places altitude can alter/affect the climate a lot. 

4. Draw/create a sphere. a) On the please show five special lines of latitude. b) Why are these lines significant? Explain which lines are hit “head on” and those that tend to “glance off” and why?

The Equator, The Tropic of Capricorn and The Tropic of cancer are hit head on because at 12:00 on the 21st of December the sunlight directly hits the tropic of Capricorn and on the 21st of June at 12:00 the sun hits the tropic of Cancer “head on”.

The arctic and the Antarctic Circle are glance off because they each have at least one day of complete darkness, where the sun doesn’t rise and a day of complete light, where the sun doesn’t set.
5. What causes seasons?

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The seasons are cause by The Earths angle towards the sun at different parts of the year. At different parts of the year, because the earth is on an axis, different parts of the earth are closer or further from the sun. This determines the heat that different parts of the earth get because different parts of the earth are closer or further from the sun.


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